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💂 Guard Emoji

Noun guard HAT head Cap man guard dude man Russian Dude with hat Thug life english hat terrorist CHEERIO BEARD Royal family gaurd Robber England guard Manda dog Rapper Hasidic jew Amish man Russian dude Yeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeet eeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeYeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee The fact that he had been a while ago but it was just me and http://emojidictionary.emojifoundation.com/form.php?form=emo According to all known laws of aviation, there is no way 🙅 popopop Person Rick astley Thug
Verb protecting
Adjective brave WARM wearing Wearable protected Fancy fluffy Strict Fluffy,bad Protective, fearless The store slimy Wet Thug Fierce Yeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeet Yeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee The fact that he had been a while ago but it was just me and http://emojidictionary.emojifoundation.com/form.php?form=emo According to all known laws of aviation, there is no way 🙏🙏 fhghfjjjjjjjjhb Ugly Hairy rick astley strong
Definition this is a guard A PIECE OF CLOTHING WORN ON THE HEAD head wearing a hat This is a Cap This is a man wearing a helmet. ave a nice day A kid wearing a beanie and gold chain representing thug life or bad boy this is a snobby english men english english english english english english english english english english english english english english english english english englishvv english english english english english english english english english english english english english english english english man dude thing A man that robs a bank Bob Lol It means I'm going to see the royal family noning dumb bearded man that watches you Russia poop Hi I yeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeet Yeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeet The fact that he had been a while ago but it was just me and I have to go to out back in time my a game of thrones is so much fun better to be do not want know have been killed in a statement that from my house is and what I want a relationship medal at in for you to and I have love for me and I don't think so but it would have to go out to my house is so much fun and to be a good day etime http://emojidictionary.emojifoundation.com/form.php?form=emoji488.jpg Idk&idc estryngjnnfjjdjvbbxosuueehhdncc Hobo Russian Page semi-protected Rick Astley From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Rick Astley Rick Astley Dallas.jpg Astley performing at the House of Blues in Dallas on 1 February 2017. Background information Birth name Richard Paul Astley Born 6 February 1966 (age 51) Newton-le-Willows, England Genres Pop dance-pop blue-eyed soul Occupation(s) Singer songwriter musician radio personality Instruments Vocals guitar drums keyboards Years active 1985–1993 2001–present Labels PWL RCA Polydor Associated acts FBI Stock Aitken Waterman Website rickastley.co.uk Richard Paul "Rick" Astley (/ˈrɪk ˈæstli/; born 6 February 1966) is an English singer, songwriter, musician, and radio personality. His 1987 song, "Never Gonna Give You Up" was a No. 1 hit single in 25 countries, and won the 1988 Brit Award for Best British Single.[1][2] By the time of his retirement in 1993, Astley had sold approximately 40 million records worldwide.[3][4][5] Astley made a comeback in 2007, becoming an Internet phenomenon when his video "Never Gonna Give You Up" became integral to the meme known as "rickrolling".[6] Astley was voted "Best Act Ever" by Internet users at the MTV Europe Music Awards 2008.[7] His 2016 album 50 debuted in the UK at No. 1.[8] Contents [hide] 1 Early life 2 Career 2.1 Signing with Stock Aitken Waterman 2.2 Success 2.3 Switching to soul and adult contemporary 2.4 Retirement 2.5 Return to singing 3 Rickrolling Internet phenomenon 4 Personal life 5 Discography 6 See also 7 References 8 External links Early life Astley was born on 6 February 1966 in Newton-le-Willows in Lancashire, the fourth child of his family. His parents divorced when he was five, and Astley was brought up by his father.[9] His musical career started when he was ten, singing in the local church choir.[10] During his schooldays, Astley formed and played the drums in a number of local bands, where he met guitarist David Morris.[2][11] After leaving school at sixteen, Astley was employed during the day as a driver in his father's market-gardening business and played drums on the Northern club circuit at night in bands such as Give Way – specialising in covering Beatles and Shadows songs – and FBI, which won several local talent competitions.[10] Career Signing with Stock Aitken Waterman In 1985, Astley was performing as a drummer with a soul band named FBI, with Morris on guitar. They were a well-known local band writing and performing their own music, gigging in pubs and clubs. When FBI's lead singer left the band, and Morris left to concentrate on his career in hairdressing,[11] Astley offered to be the lead vocalist. This was when he was noticed by the record producer Pete Waterman, who persuaded him to come to London to work at the Pete Waterman Limited (PWL) recording studio,[2] with RCA Records publishing his records. Under the tutelage of the production team of Mike Stock, Matt Aitken and Pete Waterman, known as Stock Aitken Waterman (SAW), Astley was taught about the recording process and groomed for his future career, supposedly starting off as the recording studio "tea boy". The reason for Astley to be hired as a "tape op" was to overcome his shyness.[12] SAW also hired most of FBI, including Morris as a guitarist/songwriter.[11] The group FBI in 1984 (l-r): Kevin Needham, Rick Astley, Will Hopper, Peter Dale and Greg Smee Success His first single was the little-known "When You Gonna", released as a collaboration with Lisa Carter, with little promotion. It did not chart. His first solo offering was "Never Gonna Give You Up", recorded on New Year's Day 1987, and released eight months later, in August.[13] Astley's distinctive rich, deep voice combined with dance-pop, made the song an immediate success,[14] spending five weeks at the top of the British charts and becoming the year's highest-selling single. The song was also a worldwide number one hit, topping the charts in 24 other countries, including the U.S., Australia, and Germany. It would become the first of 13 (worldwide) top 30 hit singles for him. "Never Gonna Give You Up" won Best British single at the 1988 BPI awards (now called the BRIT Awards),[15] and he performed the hit in front of a global audience of 100 million.[2][16] His next single was "Whenever You Need Somebody", which was released in October. The single was a recycled Stock, Aitken, Waterman song, originally recorded by O'Chi Brown in 1985. It became a successful European hit, reaching No. 1 in seven countries, including Germany and Sweden, following up the success of his debut single. It also reached No. 3 in the UK. It was not released in North America.[17] In November 1987, the album Whenever You Need Somebody, containing four tracks written by Astley, also reached number one in the UK and Australia, and No. 10 in the U.S. It was certified 4x Platinum in the UK and Canada, and 2x Platinum in the US. Overall Whenever You Need Somebody sold 15.2 million copies worldwide, making him the top-selling British act of the year.[2] In December 1987, Astley released a cover version of the Nat King Cole classic "When I Fall in Love". This single is mainly remembered for a closely fought contest for UK Christmas Number 1. Rivals EMI, hoping to see their act the Pet Shop Boys reach No. 1, re-released the version by Nat King Cole.[18][19] This led to a slowdown of purchases of Astley's version, allowing the Pet Shop Boys to reach the coveted top spot. Despite selling over 200,000 copies and gaining a Silver certification from the BPI,[20] it peaked in the UK at No. 2 for two weeks. The re-release of Nat King Cole's version reached No. 4. The B side was a dance number "My Arms Keep Missing You", which was successful in mainland Europe. Astley's fourth single release would be "Together Forever" in 1988, reaching No. 2 in the UK. It was denied the top spot by Neighbours sensation Kylie Minogue's debut "I Should Be So Lucky".[21] "Together Forever" was more successful in the U.S., topping the charts, making it his second U.S. chart topper. In 1989 he was nominated for a Grammy Award for Best New Artist, but lost to Tracy Chapman. His fifth and final release from his debut album was "It Would Take a Strong Strong Man". It was a more soulful song, when compared to his other releases, and was mainly intended for the North American market. Thus, it was not released in Britain. It was another hit for Astley, reaching No. 10 on the U.S. Billboard Hot 100, and No. 1 in Canada. During the period between his debut release and his fifth single, Astley outsold every other artist in the world.[22] In the UK, he was in the Top 40 every week for the first 6 months of his career.[2] A fire in the PWL studios destroyed much of Astley's new material,[2] causing a delay in the release of his second album. Hold Me in Your Arms was released in January 1989, containing five singles, and reached No. 8 in the UK and No. 19 in the U.S., being certified platinum in the UK and gold in the U.S. Rick Astley was presented by Stock Aitken Waterman as a boy next door type act. After leaving PWL, Astley changed his image to a more mature and moody musician. Astley's relationship with British media deteriorated significantly after the release of Whenever You Need Somebody, with the media calling him a "puppet" of Stock Aitken Waterman,[15] although Astley had written five of his new album's tracks. The negative press inevitably affected the sales of his singles.[23] The first single from the album to be released was "She Wants to Dance with Me", a number written by Astley. It was another successful single, reaching No. 6 on both the UK and US charts. "Take Me to Your Heart" was the next single to be released from the album. It reached No. 8 in the UK and was not released in the U.S. "Hold Me in Your Arms", a ballad written by Astley, reached No. 10 in the UK and was also not released in North America. The next two singles released from the album were intended for the North American market. "Giving Up on Love" and a cover of The Temptations song "Ain't Too Proud To Beg" charted at No. 38 and No. 89 in the U.S. respectively. In December 1989, Astley set off on his first world tour, touring 15 countries including the UK, U.S., Australia, and Japan.[2] By the end of the tour, he was tiring of the negative press, and wanted to explore alternative paths as a musician. Thus, he left his producers Stock Aitken Waterman, and RCA records bought out his contract with PWL. Switching to soul and adult contemporary By 1990, Astley had parted company with Stock Aitken Waterman. He also decided to leave his dance-pop days behind him, moving towards his passion, soul. This shift in musical genre led him to change his image too, ditching the boy next door look, presenting himself as a mature and passionate musician. His third album, Free, was released in 1991 containing collaborations with Elton John.[15] The album contained three singles, and reached No. 9 in the UK and No. 31 in the US. He achieved one more major success with the 1991 ballad "Cry for Help", which reached No. 7 in both the UK and the US. The other two singles from Free were not as successful. "Move Right Out" reached No. 58 in the UK and No. 81 in the US; and "Never Knew Love" reached No. 70 in the UK and did not chart in the US. Free would mark the end of Astley's successful period, and "Cry for Help" would be the last Astley single to make the Top 10 in either the UK or US to date. His next album, Body and Soul, was released in 1993, and was largely an Adult Contemporary album. By the time the album was released, Astley had decided to retire from the music industry. As a result, the album did not get a lot of promotion,[2] not charting in the UK but managing to make the Billboard 200, peaking at No. 182. The two singles, "The Ones You Love" and "Hopelessly", performed very well on the U.S. adult contemporary chart, peaking at No. 19 and No. 4 respectively. "The Ones You Love" peaked at No. 48 in the UK but did not chart in the U.S. "Hopelessly" also crossed over and peaked at No. 28 on the US Billboard 100, staying in the US top 40 for five weeks, and No. 33 in the UK. It was named as one of the most performed songs at the 1994 BMI Awards,[24] and is one of the few songs to achieve BMI 'Million-Air' status.[25] Retirement After 1993, Astley retired from the music industry at the age of 27, deciding that family life was more important. During Astley's time out of the music business, he raised his daughter Emilie, born in 1992. Thus, for much of the 1990s and early 2000s, Astley remained largely out of the spotlight. Astley would later state that this was due to his growing frustration with business side of things.[26] During this period he co-wrote "Mission Statement", a track for former Marillion singer Fish's 1999 solo album Raingods with Zippos.[27][28] Return to singing Almost 10 years after Body and Soul, Astley returned to the music industry, signing a co-publishing deal with Polydor and releasing Keep It Turned On in 2001. The album featured the single "Sleeping", which became a minor club hit, thanks to a set of remixes from U.S. house producer Todd Terry. Keep It Turned On was only released in Continental Europe.[2] Astley's first compilation album, Greatest Hits, was released in 2002, and reached No. 16 on the UK Albums Chart. With no promotion from Astley, it sold over 100,000 copies and was certified Gold by the British Phonographic Industry.[2] In 2003 he charted at No. 10 in the UK as a songwriter with "Shakespeare's (Way With) Words" performed by short-lived boy band One True Voice. In 2004, Astley toured for the first time in 14 years, which led him to a record contract with Sony BMG.[2] In March 2005, Astley released the album Portrait, in which he covered many classic standards such as "Vincent",[29] "Nature Boy" and "Close to You". Astley and Sony BMG were unhappy with the result so the album was poorly promoted,[2] yet it managed to reach No. 26 on the UK Albums Chart. In April 2008, the album The Ultimate Collection: Rick Astley was released by Sony BMG, and by early May it had reached #17 on the UK Top 40 Albums Chart,[30] again with no promotion by Astley. In September 2008, Astley was nominated for the 'Best Act Ever' award at the MTV Europe Music Awards.[7] The push to make Astley the winner of the award continued after the announcement, as did efforts to encourage MTV to invite Astley to the awards ceremony.[31] On 7 November, following a massive Internet campaign by fans, Astley won the award in Liverpool, but was not there in person to receive it. Perez Hilton collected the prize on his behalf.[32] On the back of this, "Never Gonna Give You Up" returned to the UK charts, over 21 years after it was released, peaking at No. 73 during the Christmas period. Astley performing in Copenhagen, Denmark, July 2009 During the late 2000s, Astley continued touring across the globe, touring with various other 1980s acts, such as Boy George and Belinda Carlisle, in the Here and Now Tour.[2] In April 2009, he wrote an article for Time about moot.[33] Astley was a special guest throughout Peter Kay's new tour, The Tour That Doesn't Tour Tour...Now On Tour, from 27 April to 22 May 2010. To mark the occasion, Rick Astley released a new single "Lights Out" on his own label on 7 June 2010.[34] This was Astley's first release in the UK Singles Chart in 17 years. It was well received by radio, peaking No. 15 on the UK Airplay Charts, but it failed to become a commercial hit, reaching only No. 97 on the UK Singles Chart. During the summer of 2010, Astley became a radio DJ for London's Magic FM, presenting a Sunday show.[35][36] The initial contract was for eight weeks, but he proved popular with listeners and his contract was extended till the end of the year.[37] In December 2010, Astley co-hosted the Chris Evans Breakfast Show on BBC Radio 2 with Peter Kay,[38] and in March 2011 appeared in Comic Relief's Red Nose Day telethon on the BBC.[39][40] In April 2016 Astley released "Keep Singing", from his forthcoming album, 50. Interviewed by Amanda Holden on the Lorraine show on 7 April, Astley explained that it was turning 50 which had prompted him to release the single. He said, "It was a big milestone. I got back in the studio and friends were telling me the material I was working on was pretty good. So I decided to go for it."[41][26][42] On 31 May, the release date for Astley's 50 was revealed to be 10 June 2016.[43] The album reached number one on the Official UK Album Sales charts in the week of 17 June 2016 to 23 June 2016.[8] In September 2016 Astley released the single "Dance", together with an official video.[44] Rickrolling Internet phenomenon Astley rickrolling the Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade, 2008 Main articles: Rickrolling and Never Gonna Give You Up In 2007,[45] Rick Astley became the subject of a viral Internet meme known as rickrolling. In this prank, Web users are tricked into seeing Rick Astley's video "Never Gonna Give You Up" when they follow a link that claims to be something else.[46] Views of this video on various websites are now in the hundreds of millions. The phenomenon became so popular that on 1 April 2008, YouTube pranked its users by making every single featured video on its front page a rickroll.[47] On 27 November 2008, Astley participated in a live rickroll during the Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade, while the Foster's Home for Imaginary Friends characters were singing "Best Friend", the theme from the 1970s TV series The Courtship of Eddie's Father. Midway through the song, Astley emerged from the float and began to lip sync his signature hit. At the end of Astley's performance, Cheese (a character from Foster's) shouted out "I like rickrolling!".[48][49] Although the video garnered millions of hits on YouTube, Astley has earned almost no money from the meme. By 2010 he had received only US$12 in royalties from YouTube for his performance share.[50] Personal life Rick Astley is married to Lene Bausager, and the couple have a daughter, Emilie, who was born in 1992. Astley met Lene when she was working as a promoter with RCA in 1988.[9] Lene is a film producer, and was nominated for the 2006 Academy Award for Best Live Action Short Film for the Sean Ellis film Cashback, where she was the main producer.[51][52] The family lives in the London suburb of Richmond.[53] Discography Main article: Rick Astley discography Whenever You Need Somebody (1987) Hold Me in Your Arms (1988) Free (1991) Body & Soul (1993) Keep It Turned On (2001) Portrait (2005) 50 (2016) See also Book icon Book: Rick Astley List of artists who reached number one on the Hot 100 (U.S.) List of artists who reached number one on the U.S. Dance chart List of Number 1 Dance Hits (United States) List of number-one albums (UK) List of number-one singles (UK) List of number-one hits (United States) List of songs by British artists which reached number-one on the Hot 100 (USA) References Jump up ^ "Biography". Mike Stock Music. Retrieved 11 June 2013. ^ Jump up to: a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Rickastley.com – Biography Retrieved 28 April 2010. Archived 10 February 2010 at the Wayback Machine. Jump up ^ US (29 July 2008). "Rick Astley". MySpace.com. Retrieved 11 June 2013. Jump up ^ Shropshire Star.com – 7 June 2008. Retrieved 28 January 2010. Jump up ^ Liverpool Echo – 12 November 2007. Retrieved 28 January 2010. Jump up ^ Rick Biografia. VH1 Spañol (undated). Retrieved 27 December 2006. ^ Jump up to: a b "Astley shortlisted for MTV award". BBC News. 2 October 2008. Retrieved 22 November 2008. ^ Jump up to: a b "Resurgent Rick Astley tops UK album chart". bbc.com. 17 June 2016. Retrieved 20 June 2016. ^ Jump up to: a b "Rick Astley: The pop idol returns". London: The Independent. 13 October 2005. Retrieved 16 May 2010. ^ Jump up to: a b "Rick Astley – About". lookstudio.com. Retrieved 16 May 2010. ^ Jump up to: a b c "MP David Morris on his journey from pop to politics". BBC. 2 March 2011. Retrieved 2 March 2011. Jump up ^ "YouTube – Rick Astley Interview in 1987 (TVam) (1987)". www.youtube.com. Retrieved 14 May 2010. Jump up ^ "YouTube – Rick Astley – Never Gonna Give You Up (1987)". www.youtube.com. Archived from the original on 12 February 2010. Retrieved 11 February 2010. Jump up ^ "allmusic – Rick Astley – Overview". allmusic. Retrieved 14 May 2010. ^ Jump up to: a b c "Rick Astley – Biography". TalkTalk. Retrieved 15 May 2010.[dead link] Jump up ^ "YouTube – Rick Astley – Never Gonna Give You Up (live) 1988". www.youtube.com. Archived from the original on 3 August 2011. Retrieved 17 May 2010. Jump up ^ "Discography – Whenever You Need Somebody". www.rickastley.co.uk. Archived from the original on 13 April 2010. Retrieved 15 May 2010. Jump up ^ "The Ultimate Collection by Rick Astley". itunes.apple.com. Retrieved 15 May 2010. Jump up ^ "Discography – When I Fall in Love". www.rickastley.co.uk. Archived from the original on 19 April 2010. Retrieved 15 May 2010. Jump up ^ "Certified Awards Search". BPI. Archived from the original on 17 January 2010. Retrieved 15 May 2010. Jump up ^ "Singles Chart 12/03/88". chartstats. Retrieved 15 May 2010. Jump up ^ "Ask Rick Astley". Sunday Sun. Retrieved 15 May 2010. Jump up ^ "Discography -Hold Me in Your Arms". www.rickastley.co.uk. Archived from the original on 27 July 2010. Retrieved 15 May 2010. Jump up ^ "The Eighties Club". Eightiesclub.tripod.com. Retrieved 11 June 2013. Jump up ^ "BMI Million-Airs". Chartts.tripod.com. Retrieved 11 June 2013. ^ Jump up to: a b Agius, Nicola. "Eighties legend Rick Astley, 50, wows fans - including Amanda Holden - with shock comeback single". Mirror.co.uk. Retrieved 8 April 2016. Jump up ^ Oakley, Ian (14 May 1999). "Interview 14th May 1999". Fish-TheCompany.Com: Official Site. Retrieved 22 June 2015. Jump up ^ Everson, Duncan (12 September 2014). "Interview with Fish (Vocals) (Fish, Former Marillion)". Myglobalmind Webzine. Retrieved 22 June 2015. Jump up ^ Astley, Rick. "Vincent (Live)" (video). YouTube. Jump up ^ "Madonna celebrates chart double". BBC News. 4 May 2008. Retrieved 22 May 2010. Jump up ^ Bestactever.com 10 October 2008. Retrieved 12 October 2008. Jump up ^ "US stars scoop MTV Europe awards". BBC News. 7 November 2008. Retrieved 22 November 2008. Jump up ^ "The 2009 Time 100". Time. 30 April 2009. Retrieved 22 May 2010. Jump up ^ "Rick Astley Returns With Peter Kay". Fame Magazine. 28 April 2010. Jump up ^ "Rick Astley's Summer Soundtrack". Magic FM 105.7.[dead link] Jump up ^ Halliday, Josh (5 July 2010). "Rick Astley to host Magic 105.4 Sunday show". London: The Guardian. Jump up ^ "Magic 105.4 Extends Rick Astley's Show". Bauer Media. Archived from the original on 9 March 2012. Jump up ^ "Friday – It's Kay Day!". BBC. Jump up ^ "The Chefs Choir Sing "Never Gonna Give You Up" – Red Nose Day 2011". www.youtube.com. Retrieved 29 March 2011. Jump up ^ "Celebrity choir sing Take That classic to wrap up Red Nose Day 2011". www.youtube.com. Retrieved 29 March 2011. Jump up ^ "Rick Astley releases comeback single Keep Singing 23 years after 'retirement'". Metro.co.uk. 7 April 2016. Retrieved 13 April 2016. Jump up ^ Golgowsk, Nina. "Rick Astley Releases New Single And We Swear It's Not A Rickroll". Huffington Post. Retrieved 8 April 2016. Jump up ^ Fitzpatrick, Katie (31 May 2016). "Rick Astley will perform and sign copies of his new album at HMV Manchester". men. Retrieved 2 June 2016. Jump up ^ Rick Astley - Dance (Official Video) on YouTube Jump up ^ "Rick Roll related Google Trends". Google Trends. Google. Retrieved 4 April 2008. Jump up ^ Savage, Mark (1 April 2008). "Rickrolling and the league of web fame". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 2 April 2008. Jump up ^ "YouTube RickRolls Users". TechCrunch. Retrieved 1 June 2008. Jump up ^ North, Jesse (27 November 2008). "Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade: Best and worst moments". Retrieved 15 May 2010. Jump up ^ "YouTube – Macy's Thanksgiving Parade Rickroll". www.youtube.com. Retrieved 15 May 2010. Jump up ^ "German judge chides Google over YouTube freeloading". The Register. 31 August 2010. Jump up ^ Lene Bausager – IMDB at the Internet Movie Database Jump up ^ "Photo 29 Lene Bausager and Rick Astley | 78th Annual Academy Awards". Digitalhit.com. Retrieved 22 May 2010. Jump up ^ "RICK ASTLEY: 'I'M TOO NICE TO BE A POP IDOL'". Daily Express. External links Wikimedia Commons has media related to Rick Astley. Wikiquote has quotations related to: Rick Astley Official website Rick Astley on Magic 105.4 FM Rick Astley at AllMusic Rick Astley at the Internet Movie Database [show] v t e Rick Astley [show] v t e Best-selling singles by year in the United Kingdom [show] v t e Stock Aitken Waterman Authority control WorldCat Identities VIAF: 6920707 LCCN: n92023960 ISNI: 0000 0001 2020 3276 GND: 134597990 BNF: cb139335287 (data) MusicBrainz: db92a151-1ac2-438b-bc43-b82e149ddd50 Categories: Rick Astley1966 births20th-century English singers21st-century English singersBrit Award winnersEnglish male singersEnglish pop singersEnglish radio personalitiesEnglish singer-songwritersLiving peoplePeople from Newton-le-WillowsPolydor Records artistsRCA Records artistsEnglish soul singers Navigation menu Not logged inTalkContributionsCreate accountLog inArticleTalkReadView sourceView historySearch Search Wikipedia Go Main page Contents Featured content Current events Random article Donate to Wikipedia Wikipedia store Interaction Help About Wikipedia Community portal Recent changes Contact page Tools What links here Related changes Upload file Special pages Permanent link Page information Wikidata item Cite this page Print/export Create a book Download as PDF Printable version In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikiquote Languages Aymar aru Azərbaycanca Български Català Čeština Cymraeg Dansk Deutsch Español Esperanto فارسی Français Galego 한국어 Հայերեն Ido Bahasa Indonesia Italiano עברית Қазақша Lietuvių Magyar Nederlands 日本語 Norsk bokmål Occitan Polski Português Română Русский Scots Simple English Slovenčina Српски / srpski Suomi Svenska Tagalog ไทย Türkçe Українська 中文 Edit links This page was last modified on 9 February 2017, at 22:44. 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Example of Use the guard protected the building from intuders. IN THE WINTER ALWAYS WEAR A WARM HAT. A bearded man wears a hat.. The man is wearing a cap. The man wore a helmet.. The dude with a hat likes to look fancy while being there english people are mean and snobby I'm going to the bank to rob something 💂 lokk at the butt I am so hungry I could eat a person with a cheerio beard I am going to London and I will see some 💂 And the queen asd Already told you He is dumb and bearded The Russian dude is so fierce at fighting. Janahahbahbggsgnwhhw I like to Yeet like yeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeet Yeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeet The fact that he had been a while ago but it was just me and I have to go to out back in time my a game of thrones is so much fun better to be do not want know have been killed in a statement that from my house is and what I want a relationship medal at in for you to and I have love for me and I don't think so but it would have to go out to my house is so much fun and to be a good day etime 💂 is a stalker that is 👃y and 🙅 and I don't like this 🙏🙏 cause he's weird and Idk&idc! w8weuyhfhcfgfhbcbvxjx,sj Hairy Page semi-protected Rick Astley From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Rick Astley Rick Astley Dallas.jpg Astley performing at the House of Blues in Dallas on 1 February 2017. Background information Birth name Richard Paul Astley Born 6 February 1966 (age 51) Newton-le-Willows, England Genres Pop dance-pop blue-eyed soul Occupation(s) Singer songwriter musician radio personality Instruments Vocals guitar drums keyboards Years active 1985–1993 2001–present Labels PWL RCA Polydor Associated acts FBI Stock Aitken Waterman Website rickastley.co.uk Richard Paul "Rick" Astley (/ˈrɪk ˈæstli/; born 6 February 1966) is an English singer, songwriter, musician, and radio personality. His 1987 song, "Never Gonna Give You Up" was a No. 1 hit single in 25 countries, and won the 1988 Brit Award for Best British Single.[1][2] By the time of his retirement in 1993, Astley had sold approximately 40 million records worldwide.[3][4][5] Astley made a comeback in 2007, becoming an Internet phenomenon when his video "Never Gonna Give You Up" became integral to the meme known as "rickrolling".[6] Astley was voted "Best Act Ever" by Internet users at the MTV Europe Music Awards 2008.[7] His 2016 album 50 debuted in the UK at No. 1.[8] Contents [hide] 1 Early life 2 Career 2.1 Signing with Stock Aitken Waterman 2.2 Success 2.3 Switching to soul and adult contemporary 2.4 Retirement 2.5 Return to singing 3 Rickrolling Internet phenomenon 4 Personal life 5 Discography 6 See also 7 References 8 External links Early life Astley was born on 6 February 1966 in Newton-le-Willows in Lancashire, the fourth child of his family. His parents divorced when he was five, and Astley was brought up by his father.[9] His musical career started when he was ten, singing in the local church choir.[10] During his schooldays, Astley formed and played the drums in a number of local bands, where he met guitarist David Morris.[2][11] After leaving school at sixteen, Astley was employed during the day as a driver in his father's market-gardening business and played drums on the Northern club circuit at night in bands such as Give Way – specialising in covering Beatles and Shadows songs – and FBI, which won several local talent competitions.[10] Career Signing with Stock Aitken Waterman In 1985, Astley was performing as a drummer with a soul band named FBI, with Morris on guitar. They were a well-known local band writing and performing their own music, gigging in pubs and clubs. When FBI's lead singer left the band, and Morris left to concentrate on his career in hairdressing,[11] Astley offered to be the lead vocalist. This was when he was noticed by the record producer Pete Waterman, who persuaded him to come to London to work at the Pete Waterman Limited (PWL) recording studio,[2] with RCA Records publishing his records. Under the tutelage of the production team of Mike Stock, Matt Aitken and Pete Waterman, known as Stock Aitken Waterman (SAW), Astley was taught about the recording process and groomed for his future career, supposedly starting off as the recording studio "tea boy". The reason for Astley to be hired as a "tape op" was to overcome his shyness.[12] SAW also hired most of FBI, including Morris as a guitarist/songwriter.[11] The group FBI in 1984 (l-r): Kevin Needham, Rick Astley, Will Hopper, Peter Dale and Greg Smee Success His first single was the little-known "When You Gonna", released as a collaboration with Lisa Carter, with little promotion. It did not chart. His first solo offering was "Never Gonna Give You Up", recorded on New Year's Day 1987, and released eight months later, in August.[13] Astley's distinctive rich, deep voice combined with dance-pop, made the song an immediate success,[14] spending five weeks at the top of the British charts and becoming the year's highest-selling single. The song was also a worldwide number one hit, topping the charts in 24 other countries, including the U.S., Australia, and Germany. It would become the first of 13 (worldwide) top 30 hit singles for him. "Never Gonna Give You Up" won Best British single at the 1988 BPI awards (now called the BRIT Awards),[15] and he performed the hit in front of a global audience of 100 million.[2][16] His next single was "Whenever You Need Somebody", which was released in October. The single was a recycled Stock, Aitken, Waterman song, originally recorded by O'Chi Brown in 1985. It became a successful European hit, reaching No. 1 in seven countries, including Germany and Sweden, following up the success of his debut single. It also reached No. 3 in the UK. It was not released in North America.[17] In November 1987, the album Whenever You Need Somebody, containing four tracks written by Astley, also reached number one in the UK and Australia, and No. 10 in the U.S. It was certified 4x Platinum in the UK and Canada, and 2x Platinum in the US. Overall Whenever You Need Somebody sold 15.2 million copies worldwide, making him the top-selling British act of the year.[2] In December 1987, Astley released a cover version of the Nat King Cole classic "When I Fall in Love". This single is mainly remembered for a closely fought contest for UK Christmas Number 1. Rivals EMI, hoping to see their act the Pet Shop Boys reach No. 1, re-released the version by Nat King Cole.[18][19] This led to a slowdown of purchases of Astley's version, allowing the Pet Shop Boys to reach the coveted top spot. Despite selling over 200,000 copies and gaining a Silver certification from the BPI,[20] it peaked in the UK at No. 2 for two weeks. The re-release of Nat King Cole's version reached No. 4. The B side was a dance number "My Arms Keep Missing You", which was successful in mainland Europe. Astley's fourth single release would be "Together Forever" in 1988, reaching No. 2 in the UK. It was denied the top spot by Neighbours sensation Kylie Minogue's debut "I Should Be So Lucky".[21] "Together Forever" was more successful in the U.S., topping the charts, making it his second U.S. chart topper. In 1989 he was nominated for a Grammy Award for Best New Artist, but lost to Tracy Chapman. His fifth and final release from his debut album was "It Would Take a Strong Strong Man". It was a more soulful song, when compared to his other releases, and was mainly intended for the North American market. Thus, it was not released in Britain. It was another hit for Astley, reaching No. 10 on the U.S. Billboard Hot 100, and No. 1 in Canada. During the period between his debut release and his fifth single, Astley outsold every other artist in the world.[22] In the UK, he was in the Top 40 every week for the first 6 months of his career.[2] A fire in the PWL studios destroyed much of Astley's new material,[2] causing a delay in the release of his second album. Hold Me in Your Arms was released in January 1989, containing five singles, and reached No. 8 in the UK and No. 19 in the U.S., being certified platinum in the UK and gold in the U.S. Rick Astley was presented by Stock Aitken Waterman as a boy next door type act. After leaving PWL, Astley changed his image to a more mature and moody musician. Astley's relationship with British media deteriorated significantly after the release of Whenever You Need Somebody, with the media calling him a "puppet" of Stock Aitken Waterman,[15] although Astley had written five of his new album's tracks. The negative press inevitably affected the sales of his singles.[23] The first single from the album to be released was "She Wants to Dance with Me", a number written by Astley. It was another successful single, reaching No. 6 on both the UK and US charts. "Take Me to Your Heart" was the next single to be released from the album. It reached No. 8 in the UK and was not released in the U.S. "Hold Me in Your Arms", a ballad written by Astley, reached No. 10 in the UK and was also not released in North America. The next two singles released from the album were intended for the North American market. "Giving Up on Love" and a cover of The Temptations song "Ain't Too Proud To Beg" charted at No. 38 and No. 89 in the U.S. respectively. In December 1989, Astley set off on his first world tour, touring 15 countries including the UK, U.S., Australia, and Japan.[2] By the end of the tour, he was tiring of the negative press, and wanted to explore alternative paths as a musician. Thus, he left his producers Stock Aitken Waterman, and RCA records bought out his contract with PWL. Switching to soul and adult contemporary By 1990, Astley had parted company with Stock Aitken Waterman. He also decided to leave his dance-pop days behind him, moving towards his passion, soul. This shift in musical genre led him to change his image too, ditching the boy next door look, presenting himself as a mature and passionate musician. His third album, Free, was released in 1991 containing collaborations with Elton John.[15] The album contained three singles, and reached No. 9 in the UK and No. 31 in the US. He achieved one more major success with the 1991 ballad "Cry for Help", which reached No. 7 in both the UK and the US. The other two singles from Free were not as successful. "Move Right Out" reached No. 58 in the UK and No. 81 in the US; and "Never Knew Love" reached No. 70 in the UK and did not chart in the US. Free would mark the end of Astley's successful period, and "Cry for Help" would be the last Astley single to make the Top 10 in either the UK or US to date. His next album, Body and Soul, was released in 1993, and was largely an Adult Contemporary album. By the time the album was released, Astley had decided to retire from the music industry. As a result, the album did not get a lot of promotion,[2] not charting in the UK but managing to make the Billboard 200, peaking at No. 182. The two singles, "The Ones You Love" and "Hopelessly", performed very well on the U.S. adult contemporary chart, peaking at No. 19 and No. 4 respectively. "The Ones You Love" peaked at No. 48 in the UK but did not chart in the U.S. "Hopelessly" also crossed over and peaked at No. 28 on the US Billboard 100, staying in the US top 40 for five weeks, and No. 33 in the UK. It was named as one of the most performed songs at the 1994 BMI Awards,[24] and is one of the few songs to achieve BMI 'Million-Air' status.[25] Retirement After 1993, Astley retired from the music industry at the age of 27, deciding that family life was more important. During Astley's time out of the music business, he raised his daughter Emilie, born in 1992. Thus, for much of the 1990s and early 2000s, Astley remained largely out of the spotlight. Astley would later state that this was due to his growing frustration with business side of things.[26] During this period he co-wrote "Mission Statement", a track for former Marillion singer Fish's 1999 solo album Raingods with Zippos.[27][28] Return to singing Almost 10 years after Body and Soul, Astley returned to the music industry, signing a co-publishing deal with Polydor and releasing Keep It Turned On in 2001. The album featured the single "Sleeping", which became a minor club hit, thanks to a set of remixes from U.S. house producer Todd Terry. Keep It Turned On was only released in Continental Europe.[2] Astley's first compilation album, Greatest Hits, was released in 2002, and reached No. 16 on the UK Albums Chart. With no promotion from Astley, it sold over 100,000 copies and was certified Gold by the British Phonographic Industry.[2] In 2003 he charted at No. 10 in the UK as a songwriter with "Shakespeare's (Way With) Words" performed by short-lived boy band One True Voice. In 2004, Astley toured for the first time in 14 years, which led him to a record contract with Sony BMG.[2] In March 2005, Astley released the album Portrait, in which he covered many classic standards such as "Vincent",[29] "Nature Boy" and "Close to You". Astley and Sony BMG were unhappy with the result so the album was poorly promoted,[2] yet it managed to reach No. 26 on the UK Albums Chart. In April 2008, the album The Ultimate Collection: Rick Astley was released by Sony BMG, and by early May it had reached #17 on the UK Top 40 Albums Chart,[30] again with no promotion by Astley. In September 2008, Astley was nominated for the 'Best Act Ever' award at the MTV Europe Music Awards.[7] The push to make Astley the winner of the award continued after the announcement, as did efforts to encourage MTV to invite Astley to the awards ceremony.[31] On 7 November, following a massive Internet campaign by fans, Astley won the award in Liverpool, but was not there in person to receive it. Perez Hilton collected the prize on his behalf.[32] On the back of this, "Never Gonna Give You Up" returned to the UK charts, over 21 years after it was released, peaking at No. 73 during the Christmas period. Astley performing in Copenhagen, Denmark, July 2009 During the late 2000s, Astley continued touring across the globe, touring with various other 1980s acts, such as Boy George and Belinda Carlisle, in the Here and Now Tour.[2] In April 2009, he wrote an article for Time about moot.[33] Astley was a special guest throughout Peter Kay's new tour, The Tour That Doesn't Tour Tour...Now On Tour, from 27 April to 22 May 2010. To mark the occasion, Rick Astley released a new single "Lights Out" on his own label on 7 June 2010.[34] This was Astley's first release in the UK Singles Chart in 17 years. It was well received by radio, peaking No. 15 on the UK Airplay Charts, but it failed to become a commercial hit, reaching only No. 97 on the UK Singles Chart. During the summer of 2010, Astley became a radio DJ for London's Magic FM, presenting a Sunday show.[35][36] The initial contract was for eight weeks, but he proved popular with listeners and his contract was extended till the end of the year.[37] In December 2010, Astley co-hosted the Chris Evans Breakfast Show on BBC Radio 2 with Peter Kay,[38] and in March 2011 appeared in Comic Relief's Red Nose Day telethon on the BBC.[39][40] In April 2016 Astley released "Keep Singing", from his forthcoming album, 50. Interviewed by Amanda Holden on the Lorraine show on 7 April, Astley explained that it was turning 50 which had prompted him to release the single. He said, "It was a big milestone. I got back in the studio and friends were telling me the material I was working on was pretty good. So I decided to go for it."[41][26][42] On 31 May, the release date for Astley's 50 was revealed to be 10 June 2016.[43] The album reached number one on the Official UK Album Sales charts in the week of 17 June 2016 to 23 June 2016.[8] In September 2016 Astley released the single "Dance", together with an official video.[44] Rickrolling Internet phenomenon Astley rickrolling the Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade, 2008 Main articles: Rickrolling and Never Gonna Give You Up In 2007,[45] Rick Astley became the subject of a viral Internet meme known as rickrolling. In this prank, Web users are tricked into seeing Rick Astley's video "Never Gonna Give You Up" when they follow a link that claims to be something else.[46] Views of this video on various websites are now in the hundreds of millions. The phenomenon became so popular that on 1 April 2008, YouTube pranked its users by making every single featured video on its front page a rickroll.[47] On 27 November 2008, Astley participated in a live rickroll during the Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade, while the Foster's Home for Imaginary Friends characters were singing "Best Friend", the theme from the 1970s TV series The Courtship of Eddie's Father. Midway through the song, Astley emerged from the float and began to lip sync his signature hit. At the end of Astley's performance, Cheese (a character from Foster's) shouted out "I like rickrolling!".[48][49] Although the video garnered millions of hits on YouTube, Astley has earned almost no money from the meme. By 2010 he had received only US$12 in royalties from YouTube for his performance share.[50] Personal life Rick Astley is married to Lene Bausager, and the couple have a daughter, Emilie, who was born in 1992. Astley met Lene when she was working as a promoter with RCA in 1988.[9] Lene is a film producer, and was nominated for the 2006 Academy Award for Best Live Action Short Film for the Sean Ellis film Cashback, where she was the main producer.[51][52] The family lives in the London suburb of Richmond.[53] Discography Main article: Rick Astley discography Whenever You Need Somebody (1987) Hold Me in Your Arms (1988) Free (1991) Body & Soul (1993) Keep It Turned On (2001) Portrait (2005) 50 (2016) See also Book icon Book: Rick Astley List of artists who reached number one on the Hot 100 (U.S.) List of artists who reached number one on the U.S. Dance chart List of Number 1 Dance Hits (United States) List of number-one albums (UK) List of number-one singles (UK) List of number-one hits (United States) List of songs by British artists which reached number-one on the Hot 100 (USA) References Jump up ^ "Biography". Mike Stock Music. Retrieved 11 June 2013. ^ Jump up to: a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Rickastley.com – Biography Retrieved 28 April 2010. Archived 10 February 2010 at the Wayback Machine. Jump up ^ US (29 July 2008). "Rick Astley". MySpace.com. Retrieved 11 June 2013. Jump up ^ Shropshire Star.com – 7 June 2008. Retrieved 28 January 2010. Jump up ^ Liverpool Echo – 12 November 2007. Retrieved 28 January 2010. Jump up ^ Rick Biografia. VH1 Spañol (undated). Retrieved 27 December 2006. ^ Jump up to: a b "Astley shortlisted for MTV award". BBC News. 2 October 2008. Retrieved 22 November 2008. ^ Jump up to: a b "Resurgent Rick Astley tops UK album chart". bbc.com. 17 June 2016. Retrieved 20 June 2016. ^ Jump up to: a b "Rick Astley: The pop idol returns". London: The Independent. 13 October 2005. Retrieved 16 May 2010. ^ Jump up to: a b "Rick Astley – About". lookstudio.com. Retrieved 16 May 2010. ^ Jump up to: a b c "MP David Morris on his journey from pop to politics". BBC. 2 March 2011. Retrieved 2 March 2011. Jump up ^ "YouTube – Rick Astley Interview in 1987 (TVam) (1987)". www.youtube.com. Retrieved 14 May 2010. Jump up ^ "YouTube – Rick Astley – Never Gonna Give You Up (1987)". www.youtube.com. Archived from the original on 12 February 2010. Retrieved 11 February 2010. Jump up ^ "allmusic – Rick Astley – Overview". allmusic. Retrieved 14 May 2010. ^ Jump up to: a b c "Rick Astley – Biography". TalkTalk. Retrieved 15 May 2010.[dead link] Jump up ^ "YouTube – Rick Astley – Never Gonna Give You Up (live) 1988". www.youtube.com. Archived from the original on 3 August 2011. Retrieved 17 May 2010. Jump up ^ "Discography – Whenever You Need Somebody". www.rickastley.co.uk. Archived from the original on 13 April 2010. Retrieved 15 May 2010. Jump up ^ "The Ultimate Collection by Rick Astley". itunes.apple.com. Retrieved 15 May 2010. Jump up ^ "Discography – When I Fall in Love". www.rickastley.co.uk. Archived from the original on 19 April 2010. Retrieved 15 May 2010. Jump up ^ "Certified Awards Search". BPI. Archived from the original on 17 January 2010. Retrieved 15 May 2010. Jump up ^ "Singles Chart 12/03/88". chartstats. Retrieved 15 May 2010. Jump up ^ "Ask Rick Astley". Sunday Sun. Retrieved 15 May 2010. Jump up ^ "Discography -Hold Me in Your Arms". www.rickastley.co.uk. Archived from the original on 27 July 2010. Retrieved 15 May 2010. Jump up ^ "The Eighties Club". Eightiesclub.tripod.com. Retrieved 11 June 2013. Jump up ^ "BMI Million-Airs". Chartts.tripod.com. Retrieved 11 June 2013. ^ Jump up to: a b Agius, Nicola. "Eighties legend Rick Astley, 50, wows fans - including Amanda Holden - with shock comeback single". Mirror.co.uk. Retrieved 8 April 2016. Jump up ^ Oakley, Ian (14 May 1999). "Interview 14th May 1999". Fish-TheCompany.Com: Official Site. Retrieved 22 June 2015. Jump up ^ Everson, Duncan (12 September 2014). "Interview with Fish (Vocals) (Fish, Former Marillion)". Myglobalmind Webzine. Retrieved 22 June 2015. Jump up ^ Astley, Rick. "Vincent (Live)" (video). YouTube. Jump up ^ "Madonna celebrates chart double". BBC News. 4 May 2008. Retrieved 22 May 2010. Jump up ^ Bestactever.com 10 October 2008. Retrieved 12 October 2008. Jump up ^ "US stars scoop MTV Europe awards". BBC News. 7 November 2008. Retrieved 22 November 2008. Jump up ^ "The 2009 Time 100". Time. 30 April 2009. Retrieved 22 May 2010. Jump up ^ "Rick Astley Returns With Peter Kay". Fame Magazine. 28 April 2010. Jump up ^ "Rick Astley's Summer Soundtrack". Magic FM 105.7.[dead link] Jump up ^ Halliday, Josh (5 July 2010). "Rick Astley to host Magic 105.4 Sunday show". London: The Guardian. Jump up ^ "Magic 105.4 Extends Rick Astley's Show". Bauer Media. Archived from the original on 9 March 2012. Jump up ^ "Friday – It's Kay Day!". BBC. Jump up ^ "The Chefs Choir Sing "Never Gonna Give You Up" – Red Nose Day 2011". www.youtube.com. Retrieved 29 March 2011. Jump up ^ "Celebrity choir sing Take That classic to wrap up Red Nose Day 2011". www.youtube.com. Retrieved 29 March 2011. Jump up ^ "Rick Astley releases comeback single Keep Singing 23 years after 'retirement'". Metro.co.uk. 7 April 2016. Retrieved 13 April 2016. Jump up ^ Golgowsk, Nina. "Rick Astley Releases New Single And We Swear It's Not A Rickroll". Huffington Post. Retrieved 8 April 2016. Jump up ^ Fitzpatrick, Katie (31 May 2016). "Rick Astley will perform and sign copies of his new album at HMV Manchester". men. Retrieved 2 June 2016. Jump up ^ Rick Astley - Dance (Official Video) on YouTube Jump up ^ "Rick Roll related Google Trends". Google Trends. Google. Retrieved 4 April 2008. Jump up ^ Savage, Mark (1 April 2008). "Rickrolling and the league of web fame". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 2 April 2008. Jump up ^ "YouTube RickRolls Users". TechCrunch. Retrieved 1 June 2008. Jump up ^ North, Jesse (27 November 2008). "Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade: Best and worst moments". Retrieved 15 May 2010. Jump up ^ "YouTube – Macy's Thanksgiving Parade Rickroll". www.youtube.com. Retrieved 15 May 2010. Jump up ^ "German judge chides Google over YouTube freeloading". The Register. 31 August 2010. Jump up ^ Lene Bausager – IMDB at the Internet Movie Database Jump up ^ "Photo 29 Lene Bausager and Rick Astley | 78th Annual Academy Awards". Digitalhit.com. Retrieved 22 May 2010. Jump up ^ "RICK ASTLEY: 'I'M TOO NICE TO BE A POP IDOL'". Daily Express. External links Wikimedia Commons has media related to Rick Astley. Wikiquote has quotations related to: Rick Astley Official website Rick Astley on Magic 105.4 FM Rick Astley at AllMusic Rick Astley at the Internet Movie Database [show] v t e Rick Astley [show] v t e Best-selling singles by year in the United Kingdom [show] v t e Stock Aitken Waterman Authority control WorldCat Identities VIAF: 6920707 LCCN: n92023960 ISNI: 0000 0001 2020 3276 GND: 134597990 BNF: cb139335287 (data) MusicBrainz: db92a151-1ac2-438b-bc43-b82e149ddd50 Categories: Rick Astley1966 births20th-century English singers21st-century English singersBrit Award winnersEnglish male singersEnglish pop singersEnglish radio personalitiesEnglish singer-songwritersLiving peoplePeople from Newton-le-WillowsPolydor Records artistsRCA Records artistsEnglish soul singers Navigation menu Not logged inTalkContributionsCreate accountLog inArticleTalkReadView sourceView historySearch Search Wikipedia Go Main page Contents Featured content Current events Random article Donate to Wikipedia Wikipedia store Interaction Help About Wikipedia Community portal Recent changes Contact page Tools What links here Related changes Upload file Special pages Permanent link Page information Wikidata item Cite this page Print/export Create a book Download as PDF Printable version In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikiquote Languages Aymar aru Azərbaycanca Български Català Čeština Cymraeg Dansk Deutsch Español Esperanto فارسی Français Galego 한국어 Հայերեն Ido Bahasa Indonesia Italiano עברית Қазақша Lietuvių Magyar Nederlands 日本語 Norsk bokmål Occitan Polski Português Română Русский Scots Simple English Slovenčina Српски / srpski Suomi Svenska Tagalog ไทย Türkçe Українська 中文 Edit links This page was last modified on 9 February 2017, at 22:44. 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